Endometriosis is a painful, chronic disease that affects at least 6.3 million women and girls in the U.S. It occurs when endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterus, grows outside the uterus. These abnormal growths are called lesions.
The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain. Other symptoms may include heavy menstrual periods, bleeding or spotting, gastrointestinal symptoms, painful intercourse, and infertility.
Although there isn’t a cure for endometriosis, there are various options that you can consider to help manage it such as:
- NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)- decrease inflammation and may help with endometriosis-associated pain.
- Progestins- thin your uterus lining, which may slow the spread of lesions and reduce endometriosis-associated pain.
- OCs (Oral contraceptives)- prevent estrogen fluctuation, which may reduce endometriosis-associated pain.
- Laparoscopy- can be used to diagnose endometriosis and remove lesions, which can relieve endometriosis pain.
- GnRHa medications (gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist)- reduce estrogen production. Low estrogen levels can help reduce lesion growth and relieve endometriosis pain.
Please speak with your doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms and before you try any form of treatment, that way they can figure out the best option for you.